软件演化过程建模

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出版社:清华大学出版社
出版日期:2008-8
ISBN:9787302175377
作者:李彤
页数:213页

作者简介

《软件演化过程建模》从软件演化管理的角度,较为系统地讨论了软件演化过程的相关问题,包括软件演化过程元模型、软件演化过程描述语言、软件演化过程框架、软件演化过程建模方法、软件演化过程改进等。《软件演化过程建模》还给出了一个软件演化过程的支撑工具,并提供了多个案例研究。

书籍目录

Preface ixList of Figures and Tablesxiii1  Introduction    .1  Motivation   1.2  Contributions   1.3  Research Methods   1.4  Success Criteria   1.5  Validation Methods   1.6  Outline   References 2  Overview of Software Processes and Software Evolution 8  2.1  Introduction   2.2  Software Processes     2.2.1  Concepts of Software Process     2.2.2  Software Process Modelling and Descriptions     2.2.3  Software Process Modelling and Description Languages     2.2.4  Software Process Improvement and CMM     2.2.5  Software Process Reuse     2.2.6  Process-Centred Software Engineering Environments   2.3  Software Evolution     2.3.1  Concepts of Software Evolution     2.3.2  Software Reengineering     2.3.3  Software Evolution   2.4  Summary   References 3 Related Work   3.1  Introduction   3.2  Software Evolution Process   3.3  Concurrency in the Software Life Cycle   3.4  Petri Nets   3.5  Dependence Analysis   3.6  Formal Functional Decomposition   3.7  Summary   References 4  Software Evolution Process Meta-Model EPMM   4.1  Introduction   4.2  Properties of Software Evolution Processes   4.3  Iteration in Software Evolution Processes   4.4  Concurrency in Software Evolution Processes     4.4.1  Version Concurrency     4.4.2  Process Concurrency     4.4.3  Sub-Process Concurrency     4.4.4  Phase Concurrency     4.4.5  Activity Concurrency     4.4.6  Task Concurrency   4.5  Static Component Definitions of EPMM     4.5.1  Task     4.5.2  Activity     4.5.3  Software Process     4.5.4  Example: Prototype Evolution Process Model     4.5.5  Global Model   4.6  Dynamic Component Definitions of EPMM  4.7  Supports for Software Evolution Processes   4.8  Summary   References 5  Software Evolution Process Description Language EPDL   5.1  Introduction   5.2  Survey of EPDL     5.2.1  Design Goals     5.2.2  Characteristics     5.2.3  Program Structure   5.3  Task   5.4  Activity   5.5  Software Process   5.6  Global Model   5.7  EPDL Program   5.8  Example   5.9  Summary   References 6  Framework of Software Evolution Processes   6.1  Introduction   6.2  Framework of Software Evolution Processes   6.3  Steps for Modelling Software Evolution Processes   6.4  Designing Global Models   6.5  Evolution Process Descriptions   6.6  Summary   References 7  Designing Processes and Activities   7.1  Introduction   7.2  Designing Processes     7.2.1  Basic Blocks     7.2.2  Software Process Package     7.2.3  Procedure for Modelling Processes   7.3  Designing Activities   7.4  Reuse of Software Evolution Processes     7.4.1  Reuse by Inheritance     7.4.2  Reuse of Basic Blocks     7.4.3  Reuse of Process Packages   7.5  Summary   References 8  Designing Tasks   8.1  Introduction   8.2  Procedure of Designing Tasks   8.3  Structures of Functional Decomposition   8.4  Decomposition Rules     8.4.1  Sequence Decomposition     8.4.2  Selection Decomposition     8.4.3  Repetition Decomposition   8.5  Structure of the Knowledge Base     8.5.1  The Case Base     8.5.2  The Segment Base     8.5.3  The Rule Base   8.6  Decomposition     8.6.1  The Decomposition Tree     8.6.2  Match Between Two 2-Assertions     8.6.3  The Decomposition Process     8.6.4  Supports by Modellers   8.7  Summary   References 9  Efficiency Improvement of the Software Evolution Processes   9.1  Introduction   9.2  Procedure of Efficiency Improvement   9.3  Dependence Analysis Between Entities     9.3.1  Constructing a Dependence Graph     9.3.2  Localising Dependences   9.4  Reconstructing Process Segments     9.4.1  Preprocessing an ADG     9.4.2  Transformation Rules     9.4.3  Transformation Algorithm     9.4.4  Examples   9.5  Capturing Concurrency within an Activity   9.6  Analysing Dependences Between Partition Blocks   9.7  Extending Concurrency   9.8  Reconstructing Software Processes   9.9  Summary   References 10  Support Environment EPT   10.1  Introduction   10.2  Architecture of EPT   10.3  File Depository     10.3.1  Data Structures of EPDL Object Codes     10.3.2  Other Data Structures   10.4  Process Server     10.4.1  Modelling Manager     10.4.2  EPDL Compiler     10.4.3  Runtime Manager   10.5  User Interface and Message Server   10.6  Summary   References 11  Case Studies   11.1  Introduction   11.2  First Case Study: The Waterfall Model   11.3  Second Case Study: Three Software Processes Involved in   Evolution   11.4  Third Case Study: An Evolution Process of an Information   Security System     11.4.1  Background     11.4.2  The Process of Modelling     11.4.3  EPDL Program     11.4.4  White Box Approach     11.4.5  Black Box Approach     11.4.6  Efficiency Improvement   11.5  Fourth Case Study: The Maintenance Process of  ISO/IEC 12207     11.5.1  Background     11.5.2  EPDL Program     11.5.3  Activity: Process Implementation     11.5.4  Activity: Problem and Modification Analysis     11.5.5  Activity: Modification Implementation     11.5.6  Activity: Maintenance Review/Acceptance     11.5.7  Activity: Migration     11.5.8  Activity: Software Retirement   11.6  Summary   References 12  Conclusions   12.1  Success Criteria Revisited   12.2  Evaluations     12.2.1  Comparison with Osterweil's Approach     12.2.2  Comparison with Lehman's Approach     12.2.3  Evaluations   12.3  Summary   12.4  Future Work     12.4.1  Limitations     12.4.2  Directions for Future Work   References Index

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